Let's talk about why prostatitis occurs and how it manifests itself, and also consider the most effective drugs for its treatment.
Prostatitis: the nature and course of the disease
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate (prostate gland). The prostate being an organ of the male genitourinary system, prostatitis therefore only develops in men. Depending on the nature of the course of the disease, acute and chronic prostatitis are distinguished. What are their differences?
Less common but requires urgent medical attention. With acute prostatitis, men complain of:
- increased body temperature, chills;
- pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, perineum and anus;
- increased need to urinate.
In this case, urination is painful, there is pain and a burning sensation in the urethra, or it is difficult - up to urinary retention. The latter requires immediate medical advice.
May show signs of inflammation or be asymptomatic (asymptomatic), which also requires prompt treatment and periodic monitoring by a urologist / andrologist. Symptoms during periods of relapse of the disease are similar to those which occur during the acute course, however, they have a lower intensity.
Causes of prostate inflammation
The occurrence of prostatitis is associated with two groups of factors that provoke inflammation of the prostate.
The first group includes sexually transmitted infections, when the causative agent of the disease enters the tissues of the prostate during unprotected sexual contact or close daily interaction (for example, using a towel).
This also includes chronic infections that have other foci, for example, ENT organs (tonsillitis, sinusitis), urinary tract, intestines, etc.
If we are talking about non-infectious factors in the development of prostatitis, then this list is longer.Congestion in the pelvic organsIs the most common cause of prostatitis. They arise against the background of a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work, prolonged sexual abstinence. But there are also other important factors.
General decrease in immunityOften leads not only to colds, but also to an exacerbation of chronic pathologies, including prostatitis.
Hypothermiaalso affects the body's resistance to infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Prostate injurywith bruises and falls, they contribute to the development of edema, leading to the typical symptoms of prostatitis: pain in the perineum, difficulty urinating.
Finally,unbalanced dietandbad habitsincrease the risk of non-bacterial prostatitis.
When are antibiotic drugs justified for prostatitis?
The prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of prostatitis is justified if the analysis reveals bacteria as the causative agent of the disease. Most often, bacterial prostatitis is associated with E. coli, Klebsiella, staphylococci, enterococci, corynebacteria.
Another situation in which antibiotics may be prescribed is when the initially non-infectious prostatitis is complicated by the addition of a bacterial infection. Which, however, must also be confirmed by laboratory tests. In some cases, antibiotics are prescribed before or after prostate surgery.
How is bacterial prostatitis treated??
The therapy is complex. In addition to antimicrobial drugs, there is a whole list of drugs that work on the symptoms of the disease:
- analgesics, antispasmodics, NSAIDs;
- alpha 1-blockers;
- drugs that affect the blood supply;
- plant extracts;
- vitamins and minerals;
- immunomodulatory agents;
- antidepressants, tranquilizers, sedatives.
10 effective remedies in the treatment of prostatitis: an overview of the best drugs according to customer reviews
A review of the best drugs for prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, same as adenoma), along with information on their cost, is for informational purposes only. Medication information is taken from official instructions. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo a set of examinations and make sure that the processes occurring inside the gland are benign.
The treatment regimens and dosage of the drugs indicated may differ from those prescribed by your healthcare professional. Let yourself be guided by the advice of the doctor who prescribed this or that remedy.
Best oral medications
Prostate extract tablets
An effective animal drug based on prostate extract (this substance is obtained from the tissues of the prostate of bulls). The drug reduces pain, swelling and discomfort caused by bacterial prostatitis or BPH.
Restores blood microcirculation and prevents the formation of blood clots. Stimulates muscle tone of the bladder, normalizes the process of urination, improves potency.
How to use
The frequency of use of the drug is 1 tablet 2 times / day.
The duration of treatment with pills for prostate adenoma is at least 1 month, for chronic prostatitis - at least 10 days.
In the prevention of exacerbations of prostatitis, the duration of admission is at least 1 month 1-2 times a year.
Individual intolerance to components.
The drug is used only by men and is not suitable for women and children. Before starting and, if necessary, during treatment with tablets, it is recommended to do an analysis of the secretion of the prostate.
Combined homeopathic medicine in the form of tablets or sublingual drops. The agent has an anti-inflammatory effect, improves microcirculation in the tissues of the prostate and other organs of the genitourinary system, restores the potency of prostatitis.
The drug is used in the complex treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the prostate (including prostatitis and BPH) and bladder (cystitis, atony).
How to use
1 tablet is dissolved under the tongue half an hour before meals or an hour after 3 times a day, otherwise - at the discretion of the attending physician. The course of treatment for prostatitis and adenoma of the prostate is 3 months, for cystitis - 1 to 2 weeks.
The product should not be used by children under 16 years of age and people with hypersensitivity to the components. Vacation without a prescription.
Medicinal product based on tamsulosin for the effective symptomatic treatment of adenoma and prostatitis. The drug belongs to the group of alpha1-blockers, which explains its pharmacological action.
The drug reduces the tone of the smooth muscles of the prostate, bladder neck and urethra, which improves the flow of urine and reduces symptoms of irritation. The therapeutic effect can be observed within 2 weeks of starting treatment with the agent.
How to use
1 capsule (0. 4 mg or 0. 2 mg) once a day. The duration of use for prostatitis and BPH is determined individually by the doctor.
Who is contraindicated
The drug is not suitable for men with hypersensitivity to active and auxiliary substances, arterial hypotension, severe hepatic and renal failure, people under 18 years of age.
Herbal combination remedy for men - an additional source of flavonoids (extracts of African plum and aromatic martinia) and selenium. The drug is used as part of the prevention and complex treatment of prostatitis and prostate tissue proliferation, as well as with a decrease in potency and problems with urination.
The agent has a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect, thereby reducing the symptoms of prostatitis and other unpleasant sensations in the pelvic area.
How to use
The drug is taken 1 capsule 2 times a day with meals for a month. If necessary, repeat the course of treatment or prophylaxis.
Not recommended for men with individual sensitivity to the components. A dietary supplement, not a medicine, can be obtained without a prescription.
Creeping palm fruit extract capsules
Herbal preparation made from crawling palm fruit extract for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis. The drug interferes with the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which causes proliferation of prostate tissue. In this case, the agent does not affect the hormonal balance of the blood.
The drug has an anti-inflammatory effect, reduces edema and vascular permeability. Thus, the drug helps reduce the intensity of symptoms of BPH and prostatitis.
How to use
The treatment is carried out in cures of at least 30 days. The frequency of administration is 1 capsule (320 mg) per day.
The drug is intended only for adult men in the absence of hypersensitivity to the composition.
The drug is sold without a prescription.
Herbal preparation in tablets and solution for the treatment of prostatitis. The drug contains extracts of St. John's Wort, licorice, echinacea, goldenrod.
The agent has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and bacteriostatic effects. The drug improves microcirculation of the prostate, indicators of seminal fluid and secretion of the prostate against the background of prostatitis, normalizes urination.
How to use
The drug is prescribed 1-2 tablets 3 times a day. The duration of such treatment can be up to 6 - 7 weeks. The question of a second course is decided in agreement with the doctor.
Tablets and solution should not be taken with acute glomerulonephritis, hypersensitivity to the components. With caution - when prohibiting immunostimulating drugs (due to the content of echinacea).
The best drugs for prostatitis in suppositories
Preparation based on larvae extract
Preparation based on extract of gypsy moth larvae with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects for the treatment of BPH and prostatitis in combination with other agents. Reduces capillary permeability, reduces edema and improves microcirculation in prostate tissue.
The drug helps improve urine output and general condition of patients, reducing the frequency of urges (including at night) and eliminating the feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
How to register
Dosage regimen - 1 candle per day, preferably at night. The duration of treatment for inflammatory processes in prostatitis and BPH is 1-3 months.
Who are contraindicated
Suppositories should not be used by men with intolerance to the components, acute urinary retention, malignant neoplasms of the prostate.
Combined preparation with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action for the treatment of acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, as well as for use before and after surgery on the prostate.
Unlike tablets, the drug in suppositories contains, in addition to prostate extract, the antibiotic lomefloxacin. The drug helps reduce tissue edema, reduce pain and discomfort, increase muscle tone of the bladder, and improve indicators of male sexual function.
How to register
Dosage regimen - 1 suppository per day after a bowel movement. After the introduction, the patient should stay in bed for 30-40 minutes. Treatment for prostatitis and BPH lasts 10 to 30 days, depending on lab tests.
Hypersensitivity to the components of suppositories, age up to 18 years.
With caution in cerebral atherosclerosis and CNS disorders with epileptic syndrome.
Side effects of the drug, except for allergies, are associated with the presence of an antibiotic in its composition.
Preparation with prostate extract and zinc
A preparation with prostate extract and zinc (argnyl glycinate) for the treatment of chronic prostatitis, incl. with altered potency and spermatogenesis, BPH, as well as conditions before / after surgery on the prostate.
The remedy reduces the degree of edema and inflammation, pain syndrome, stimulates the tone of the muscles of the bladder and improves blood circulation in the tissues of the prostate. In addition, the drug helps to increase the level of free testosterone and improve the quality of sperm, normalizes the sexual function of men.
How to register
The dosage regimen for prostatitis and other diseases of the gland is 1 candle per day after a cleansing enema or defecation. The duration of treatment is 10-20 days.
Suppositories are not suitable for patients under 18 years of age, men with intolerance to the components of the drug, with caution - for hemorrhoids, anal fissures, paraproctitis, etc.
Preparing pumpkin seeds
A herbal preparation based on pumpkin seed oil for the treatment of prostatitis and associated sexual disorders, BPH, in proctology - for hemorrhoids, cracks, postoperative rehabilitation, etc.
The tool has a number of positive effects:
The drug inhibits proliferative processes in the prostate (prevents pathological cell proliferation), reduces the intensity of inflammatory processes and has a bacteriostatic effect.
How to register
The dosage regimen of the drug in the treatment of prostatitis and other urological problems, as well as in proctology - 1 suppository 1-3 times a day for 10-15 days and more than 4 weeks.
The drug should not be used by people who are hypersensitive to the components of the drug.
- Prostate disease can be acute or chronic (with or without symptoms).
- Inflammation of the prostate can be infectious and non-infectious.
- Antibiotics are only given if there is a bacterial infection.
- To relieve the symptoms of inflammation and prevent exacerbations, different groups of drugs of synthetic or natural origin are used. The treatment regimen and duration of the course are determined by the doctor.
- Plant and animal extracts, vitamins and minerals necessary for the maintenance of human health form an important part of these pharmaceuticals. However, they also have a list of contraindications, so you cannot self-medicate.
- Dosage forms are primarily intended for oral administration or topical use, but there are also injectable solutions.